July 16, 2020
Q: Is it better to wash your hands or to use hand sanitizer?
A: To reduce the risk of infection from COVID-19 take common prevention measures, including regular handwashing with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. Make sure to dry your hands thoroughly. Use an alcohol-based hand cleanser if your hands are not visibly dirty.
List of hand sanitizers authorized by Health Canada https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health- products/disinfectants/covid-19/hand-sanitizer.html
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety–tools and resources for the workplace (note: how to wash hands, apply sanitizer, limit the spread posters) https://www.ccohs.ca/outbreaks/
Q: What is the best way to wash your hands? Apply hand sanitizer?
A: You should wash your hands frequently with soap and running warm water for at least 20 seconds, rubbing between the fingers and on both sides of your hands. Make sure to dry your hands thoroughly.
Reduce the spread of COVID-19: Wash your hands
How to use hand sanitizer
Hands should be washed (hand sanitizer applied) with extra care:
• after coughing or sneezing
• when caring for a sick person
• before, during and after you prepare food
• before eating
• after toilet use
• when hands are visibly dirty
You should also cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, or you can cough or sneeze into your sleeve. Throw used tissues in the garbage and immediately wash your hands, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Q: What is the difference between a medical and a non-medical mask?
A: Medical masks (also known as surgical masks) are flat or pleated; they are affixed to the head with straps or have ear loops. Medical masks, including surgical, medical procedure face masks and respirators (like N95 masks), must be kept for health care workers and others providing direct care to COVID-19 patients. Non-medical masks are an impediment and/or barrier for the transmitting of droplets. When worn properly, a person wearing a non-medical mask or face covering can reduce the spread of his or her own infectious respiratory droplets.
Q: How do you safely use a non-medical mask?
A: Non-medical face masks or face coverings should:
• allow for easy breathing
• fit securely to the head with ties or ear loops
• maintain their shape after washing and drying
• be changed as soon as possible if damp or dirty
• be comfortable and not require frequent adjustment
• be made of at least 2 layers of tightly woven material fabric (such as cotton or linen)
• be large enough to completely and comfortably cover the nose and mouth without gaping
Some masks also include a pocket to accommodate a paper towel or disposable coffee filter, for increased benefit.
Non-medical masks or face coverings should:
• not be shared with others
• not impair vision or interfere with tasks
• not be placed on children under the age of 2 years
• not be made of plastic or other non-breathable materials
• not be secured with tape or other inappropriate materials
• not be made exclusively of materials that easily fall apart, such as tissues
• not be placed on anyone unable to remove them without assistance or anyone who has trouble breathing
Download the poster on the do’s and don’ts of wearing a non-medical mask or face covering.
Instructions for making a non-medical mask: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/prevention-risks/about-non-medical-masks-face-coverings.html
How to wear a non-medical mask or face covering properly (video)
Q: Can the prolonged use of properly worn medical masks* cause CO2 intoxication or oxygen deficiency?
A: The prolonged use of medical masks can be uncomfortable. However, it does not lead to CO2 intoxication nor oxygen deficiency. While wearing a medical mask, make sure it fits properly and that it is tight enough to allow you to breathe normally. Do not re-use a disposable mask and always change it as soon as it gets damp. This advice also applies to non-medical masks.
* Medical masks (also known as surgical masks) are flat or pleated; they are affixed to the head with straps or have ear loops. Medical masks, including surgical, medical procedure face masks and respirators (like N95 masks), must be kept for health care workers and others providing direct care to COVID-19 patients. When worn properly, a person wearing a non-medical mask or face covering can reduce the spread of his or her own infectious respiratory droplets.
Q: What is the difference between cleaning, sanitizing and disinfecting?
A: Cleaning removes germs, dirt, and impurities from surfaces or objects. Cleaning works by using soap (or detergent) and water to physically remove germs from surfaces. This process does not necessarily kill germs, but by removing them, it lowers their numbers and the risk of spreading infection.
Sanitizing lowers the number of germs on surfaces or objects to a safe level, as judged by public health standards or requirements. This process works by either cleaning or disinfecting surfaces or objects to lower the risk of spreading infection.
Disinfecting kills germs on surfaces or objects. Disinfecting works by using chemicals to kill germs on surfaces or objects. This process does not necessarily clean dirty surfaces or remove germs, but by killing germs on a surface after cleaning, it can further lower the risk of spreading infection.
To ensure that germs are eliminated clean and disinfect on a regular basis
Use Government of Canada approved hard-surface disinfectants. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/disinfectants/covid-19.html
Cleaning and disinfecting public spaces (high-touch surfaces and common areas—includes poster) https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/publications/diseases-conditions/cleaning-disinfecting-public-spaces.html
Q: How can you clean and disinfect soft goods and clothing?
A: For soft surfaces and items such as carpeted flooring, rugs, curtains and clothing, clean with appropriate cleaners indicated for use on these surfaces/items or, wash in the washing machine using hot water if possible.
Q: Will productions require employees from outside of Manitoba to self-quarantine for 14 days, given the change in condition for Film Production in Manitoba Government Restoring Safe Services: Phase 3.
A: Cast, crew and others employed by or affiliated with a film production may visit Manitoba for work without self-isolating for 14 days if they are asymptomatic. Wherever possible, productions should take all reasonable steps to ensure the cast, employees, contractors, visitors and members of the public are reasonably able to maintain a separation of at least two metres from others, except for brief exchanges. Anyone entering Canada must continue to follow federal requirements for self-isolation at the time of entry. The Government of Canada has put in place emergency orders under the Quarantine Act. It applies to all travellers arriving in Canada.
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